This painting celebrating Independence Day is dated July 5, 1832 – fifty-six years and one day after the momentous event it commemorates. At five feet framed, it is the largest painting in the OHS collection and was the gift of George Latham. The center of the painting is dominated by a large, winged female figure. At the time it was painted, no single allegorical figure had been definitively established to represent the ideals of the new republic; the figure here, however, most likely represents Liberty or Columbia. Forming a circle around the central figure are thirteen roundels, each depicting the state seal of one of the thirteen original colonies and arranged counterclockwise in geographical order, beginning with New Hampshire at the left of the central ellipse that frames the date July 4, 1776, and ending with Georgia.