This flame-stitch needlework pocketbook, or wallet, is one of the earliest and finest textiles in the OHS collection, most likely dating from the last quarter of the 18th century. It is a lovely example of early American needlework: colorful, very carefully worked, and in excellent condition. Pocketbooks such as this were popular from about 1740 to 1790 and were used by both men and women to hold valuables such as currency and documents. The flame-stitch, or bargello, design–with its characteristic zigzag pattern–is highly decorative and was very popular throughout the eighteenth century. The cotton binding and straps may be a later replacement. This pocketbook was a gift of Jean and Ruth Schneider of East Marion.